The Sun Online and solar activity. December 30, 2013

Several C-class flares occurred since our last bulletin, all originating in NOAA AR 11936. The largest one was a C5.4 flare peaking at 19:30 UT on December 29. We expect more C-class flares in the coming 24h. There is also a good chance (around 50%) for an M-class flare. Due to its location close
to the west limb and the fact that NOAA AR 11934 is still showing flux emergence and associated activity, we issue a warning condition for a proton event in case a strong flare occurs in this active region.

CACTUS reported the detection of a partial halo CME at 07:12 UT on December 29. This CME originated near NOAA AR 11938. Coronagraph images from LASCO/C2 and STEREO-B/COR2 show that this is a very slow event (around 180 km/s) which is mostly southward directed. We do not expect geomagnetic effects from this eruption.
The leading edge of a recurrent coronal hole has crossed the central meridian. This coronal hole has grown compared to the previous rotation. At that time, the associated fast wind stream caused a geomagnetic storm (Kp up to 6, K_Dourbes up to 5).The solar wind speed has decreased further to
300 km/s and the total strength of the magnetic field lies around 6 nT. Current geomagnetic conditions are quiet. We expect them to remain so until late on January 1, when we foresee the arrival of a coronal hole wind stream. Minor storm conditions (K_Dourbes up to 5) are expected.

Equipment: Coronado 90 + SBIG 8300s + LX75
Processing: Photoshop
Date: 12/30/13
Time UT: 17:00
Exposure 0.8 sec.

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