The Tarantula Nebula (also known as 30 Doradus, or NGC 2070) is an H II region in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). It was originally thought to be a star, but in 1751 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille recognized its nebular nature.
The Tarantula Nebula has an apparent magnitude of 8. Considering its distance of about 49 kpc (160,000 light years), this is an extremely luminous non-stellar object. Its luminosity is so great that if it were as close to Earth as the Orion Nebula, the Tarantula Nebula would cast shadows. In fact, it is the most active starburst region known in the Local Group of galaxies. It is also one of the largest such region in the Local Group with an estimated diameter of 200 pc. The nebula resides on the leading edge of the LMC, where ram pressure stripping, and the compression of the interstellar medium likely resulting from this, is at a maximum. At its core lies the compact star cluster R136 (approximate diameter 35 light years) that produces most of the energy that makes the nebula visible. The estimated mass of the cluster is 450,000 solar masses, suggesting it will likely become a globular clusterin the future.
Imaging telescopes or lenses: Astro-Physics AP130 Gran Turismo
Imaging cameras: Canon 450D mono modded
Mounts: Losmandy G11
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Pentax SMC Takumar 6×7 200mm f/4
Guiding cameras: QHYCCD QHY5L-II Mono
Software: PixInsight, PHD guiding
Filters: Baader Planetariun Ha 7nm 2″
Accessories: Astro-Physics Field Flattener
Dates: March 5, 2014
Locations: Home backyard
Integration: 3.0 hours
Author: Ignacio Diaz Bobillo
AstroPhotography of the day by SPONLI
21 March 2014