Rosette Nebula

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The Rosette Nebula (also known as Caldwell 49) is a large, circular H II region located near one end of a giant molecular cloud in the Monoceros region of the Milky Way Galaxy. The open cluster NGC 2244 (Caldwell 50) is closely associated with the nebulosity, the stars of the cluster having been formed from the nebula’s matter.

The cluster and nebula lie at a distance of some 5,200 light-years from Earth (although estimates of the distance vary considerably, down to 4,900 light-years.) and measure roughly 130 light years in diameter. The radiation from the young stars excite the atoms in the nebula, causing them to emit radiation themselves producing the emission nebula we see. Themass of the nebula is estimated to be around 10,000 solar masses.

It is believed that stellar winds from a group of O and B stars are exerting pressure on interstellar clouds to cause compression, followed by star formation in the nebula. This star formation is currently still ongoing.

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Canon EF 200 f/2.8 L USM II
Imaging cameras: Canon 60Da
Mounts: Celestron Advanced VX
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Orion 50mm Helical Guider
Guiding cameras: Orion Star Shoot autoguider
Software: Adobe Photoshop CS4, Deep Sky Stacker
Filters: Astronomik H-alpha 6nm EOS Clip filter
Dates: Dec. 25, 2013, Dec. 26, 2013
57×300″ ISO400
Astronomik H-alpha 6nm EOS Clip filter: 88×300″ ISO1600
Integration: 12.1 hours
Darks: ~30
Flats: ~40
Flat darks: ~40

Author: Chad Quandt
AstroPhotography of the day by SPONLI 06 June 2014