Daily Archives: July 25, 2014

The Sun Online and solar activity. July 25, 2014

Solar activity has been mostly quiet except for Catania group 22 (NOAA AR 2121) which did produce another C2 flare peaking at 7:02 UT. The background X-ray flux rose slightly to around the B3 level. Similar conditions (essentially quiet but with a significant chance for an occasional low level C flare) are expected to continue with an increasing C flare probability as some returning active regions are turning into view over the next days. These will eventually also raise a slight chance for M level flares.
No Earth directed CME’s have been observed.After reaching maxima of just over 400km/s at the start of the reporting period, solar wind speed decreased to a minimum of about 310 km/s and later increased again gradually to values presently about 360 km/s. The total magnetic field varied essentially in the 2 to 6.5 nT range with Bz also variable in the +-6nT range. Geomagnetic conditions were quiet to unsettled (local K Dourbes 2-3 and NOAA Kp 1-3). Similar solar wind conditions as well as geomagnetic conditions (quiet to unsettled) are expected to continue over the next days.


Cosmic Crab Nebula 

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory Celebrates 15th Anniversary
Image Credit: NASA, Chandra X-ray Observatory, SAO, DSS

The Crab Pulsar, a city-sized, magnetized neutron star spinning 30 times a second, lies at the center of this tantalizing wide-field image of the Crab Nebula. A spectacular picture of one of our Milky Way’s supernova remnants, it combines optical survey data with X-ray data from the orbiting Chandra Observatory. The composite was created as part of a celebration of Chandra’s 15 year long exploration of the high energy cosmos. Like a cosmic dynamo the pulsar powers the X-ray and optical emission from the nebula, accelerating charged particles to extreme energies to produce the jets and rings glowing in X-rays. The innermost ring structure is about a light-year across. With more mass than the Sun and the density of an atomic nucleus, the spinning pulsar is the collapsed core of the massive star that exploded, while the nebula is the expanding remnant of the star’s outer layers. The supernova explosion was witnessed in the year 1054.

APOD NASA 25-Jul-2014

Helix Nebula

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The Helix Nebula, also known as The HelixNGC 7293, is a large planetary nebula (PN) located in the constellation Aquarius. Discovered by Karl Ludwig Harding, probably before 1824, this object is one of the closest to the Earth of all the bright planetary nebulae. The estimated distance is about 215 parsecs or 700 light-years. It is similar in appearance to the Cat’s Eye Nebula and the Ring Nebula, whose size, age, and physical characteristics are similar to the Dumbbell Nebula, varying only in its relative proximity and the appearance from the equatorial viewing angle. The Helix Nebula has sometimes been referred to as the “Eye of God” in pop culture, as well as the “Eye of Sauron”.

Imaging cameras: Apogee U16M
Mounts: Paramount MX
Software: photoshop, DC-3 Dreams ACP, PixInsight PixInsinght 1.8 RC7, Maxim DL
Filters: Astrodon E-series LRGB
Dates: Sept. 23, 2013
Locations: New Mexico Skies
Frames: 77×900″
Integration: 19.2 hours

Author: Mike Miller
AstroPhotography of the day by SPONLI 25 July 2014